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Home > Grid Automation > Protection Relays > Single Function > STD Percentage Differential with Harmonic Restraint
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STD Percentage Differential with Harmonic Restraint

STD Percentage Differential with Harmonic Restraint

The STD is a harmonic restrained percentage differential relay specifically designed for transformer fault protection. The STD15 through 21 relays differ from each other only in the number of restraint circuits that they include (see Selection Guide). The STD25 through 29 relays differ from STD15 through 21 relays in that they utilize only second harmonics for the harmonic restraint circuit while the others use all the harmonics. Harmonic restraint is employed to prevent undesired tripping as a result of exciting current inrush to the transformer being protected. Inrush to a transformer usually occurs when the transformer is energized or when a nearby fault is cleared thus suddenly restoring normal voltage to the bank. The second harmonic component is the predominant harmonic transformer inrush current.

  • Power and autotransformer protection
  • Protection and Control
  • High-speed percentage differential
  • Harmonic restraint